It is currently recommended that if hormone therapy is used, it should be used at the smallest effective dose for the shortest possible time. It is currently recommended that hormone therapy be used if the balance of risks and benefits is favorable for the individual woman. Depending upon the type and location of the cancer and its treatment, these types of cancer therapy (chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy) can result in menopause if given to an ovulating woman. In this case, the symptoms of menopause may begin during the cancer treatment or may develop months following the treatment.
If a hysterectomy is performed without removal of both ovaries in a woman who has not yet reached menopause, the remaining ovary or ovaries are still capable of normal hormone production. While a woman cannot menstruate after the uterus is removed by a hysterectomy, the ovaries themselves can continue to produce hormones up until the normal time when menopause would naturally occur.
Typically, women reach menopause around the same age as their mothers and sisters.
Although the average age for the onset of menopause is 51, there is no way to determine when a particular woman will have menopause. Most women will reach menopause between 45 and 55 years of age, although it may be earlier or even later in some women. Women tend to undergo menopause at an age similar to that of their mothers. The age at which a woman began menstruating is not related to the age at which she will reach menopause.
The does not regulate individual FDA compound preparations because compounded products are not standardized. Bioidentical hormone therapy products are typically applied as cream or gels.
Who doesn’t? But whether you are a woman or have women in your life, having the facts on menopause and women’s hormonal journeys generally can increase understanding, empathy, and all manner of good things. You’re here on this blog, taking this quiz, so we can only believe that you know that and are bumping up your meno-smarts as we speak.
“Manopause” (OK, it’s actually “andropause” but come on, “manopause” is much funnier) is actually a decrease in the male sexual hormone testosterone. This decline happens much more gradually than the drop off in estrogen in women, and therefore symptoms are usually less dramatic. 6.
Take our perimenopause quiz to assess whether menopausal changes are upon you. Any time the ovaries are surgically removed (oophorectomy) in an ovulating woman, menopause will result immediately. Further, chemotherapy and radiation therapy for cancer can result in menopause if given to an ovulating woman.
The bisphosphonates, which include alendronate (Fosamax) and risedronate (Actonel), have been shown in clinical trials to reduce bone loss in postmenopausal women and to reduce fracture risk in women who have osteoporosis. There has been increasing interest in recent years in the use of so-called "bioidentical" hormone therapy for perimenopausal women. Bioidentical hormone preparations are medications that contain hormones that have the same chemical formula as those made naturally in the body.
In the U.S., the average age of onset for "natural" menopause is 51. However, because of genetics, illness, or medical procedures, some women go through menopause before the age of 40. Menopause that occurs before this time – whether natural or induced – is known as "premature" menopause. Menopause - Experience Please share your experience with perimenopause, menopause, or postmenopause.
At the time of birth, most females have about 1 to 3 million eggs, which are gradually lost throughout a woman's life. By the time of a girl's first menstrual period, she has an average of about 400,000 eggs. By the time of menopause, a woman may have fewer than 10,000 eggs. A small percentage of these eggs are lost through normal ovulation (the monthly cycle).
Orcas also experience menopause, and we think the ocean sounds like the perfect place to be during a hot flash, frankly. Scientists theorize one reason orcas and human women cease reproduction relatively early in their lives is because the community benefits more from their wisdom than their reproduction. We think society can benefit from women’s wisdom any time in their lives. Probably pods, too.
This menopause tour is unique for every woman. So for all the where-the-heck-am-I moments along the way, stop by your menopause navigation station at www.menopause. Ready for a trip to class? Enroll in Menopause 101.
Keep in mind that some symptoms of menopause are also associated with other conditions. Women's Health Initiative. Questions and Answers About the Estrogen-Alone Study. April 2004.
A follow-up study published in 2007 in the New England Journal of Medicine found that the risk of heart attacks due to calcium build up in the arteries was significantly lower for women aged 50 to 59 who took estrogen alone. However, estrogen therapy alone is not recommended for women unless they've had a hysterectomy because it increases the risk of ovarian cancer.
However, women who are perimenopausal may still become pregnant until they have reached true menopause (the absence of periods for one year) and should still use contraception if they do not wish to become pregnant. The ovaries are the main source of female hormones, which control the development of female body characteristics such as the breasts, body shape, and body hair.
Later studies of women taking estrogen therapy alone showed that estrogen was associated with an increased risk for stroke, but not for heart attack or breast cancer. Estrogen therapy alone, however, is associated with an increased risk of developing endometrial cancer (cancer of the lining of the uterus) in postmenopausal women who have not had their uterus surgically removed. Many women experience a variety of symptoms as a result of the hormonal changes associated with the transition to menopause.
The only factors known to affect the timing of your menopause are when your mother had hers, if you had cancer treatment as a child (chemotherapy or pelvic radiation), and whether you're a smoker. Smokers generally reach menopause two or three years earlier than nonsmokers. The most reliable blood test looks for high levels of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), which is released by the pituitary gland in response to declining estrogen stores. But if you're taking birth-control pills, you'll need to stop temporarily to get accurate results.
The average age of U.S. women at the time of menopause is 51 years. The most common age range at which women experience menopause is 48-55 years.
Some women with POI may have typical menopause-related symptoms, others may not. (It’s actually the onset of periods.) So, you’ve got a few gaps.
It is important to remember that all women who develop irregular menses should be evaluated by their doctor to confirm that the irregular menses are due to perimenopause and not as a sign of another medical condition. It is important to remember that each woman's experience is highly individual. Some women may experience few or no symptoms of menopause, while others experience multiple physical and psychological symptoms. The extent and severity of symptoms varies significantly among women.
Symptoms of a vaginal yeast infection include vaginal pain with urination, vaginal discharge, odor, and itching. Treatment is generally OTC medications.
So, check your menstrualcalendarand seek your health providers' opinions. And once all suspicions have been confirmed, check back here with NAMS for ongoing information and guidance. During perimenopause, hormone tests are generally not helpful because hormone levels change throughout the menstrual cycle. Sometimes testing is done to check specific hormone levels, especially to evaluate fertility problems or when periods stop at an early age.
A hot flash is a feeling of warmth that spreads over the body and is often most pronounced in the head and chest. A hot flash is sometimes associated with flushing and is sometimes followed by perspiration. Hot flashes usually last from 30 seconds to several minutes. Although the exact cause of hot flashes is not fully understood, hot flashes are likely due to a combination of hormonal and biochemical fluctuations brought on by declining estrogen levels. Menopause is a single point in time and not a process; it is the time point in at which a woman's last period ends.
Vaginal symptoms occur because the tissues lining the vagina becoming thinner, drier, and less elastic as estrogen levels fall. Symptoms may include vaginal dryness, itching, or irritation and/or pain with sexual intercourse (dyspareunia). The vaginal changes also lead to an increased risk of vaginal infections. There is currently no method to predict when hot flashes will begin and how long they will last. Hot flashes occur in up to 40% of regularly menstruating women in their forties, so they may begin before the menstrual irregularities characteristic of menopause even begin.
In cases of surgical menopause, women often report that the abrupt onset of menopausal symptoms results in particularly severe symptoms, but this is not always the case. Emotional and cognitive symptoms are so common that it is sometimes difficult in a given woman to know if they are due to menopause. The night sweats that may occur during perimenopause can also contribute to feelings of tiredness and fatigue, which can have an effect on mood and cognitive performance.
It is also important to remember that symptoms may come and go over an extended period for some women. This, too, is highly individual.
Symptoms of menopause can include abnormal vaginal bleeding, hot flashes, vaginal and urinary symptoms, and mood changes. The process of menopause does not occur overnight, but rather is a gradual process. This so-called perimenopausal transition period is a different experience for each woman. And here we are—natural menopause, the spontaneous, permanent ending of menstruation that is not caused by any medical treatment. Menopause is a normal, natural event.
This can lead to an increased risk of urinary tract infection, feeling the need to urinate more frequently, or leakage of urine (urinary incontinence). The incontinence can result from a strong, sudden urge to urinate or may occur during straining when coughing, laughing, or lifting heavy objects. The menstrual abnormalities that begin in the perimenopause are also associated with a decrease in fertility, since ovulation has become irregular.
Most eggs die off through a process called atresia (the degeneration and subsequent resorption of immature ovarian follicles -- fluid filled cysts that contain the eggs). Premature menopause is defined as menopause occurring in a woman younger than 40 years.
Health care professionals, however, can offer a variety of treatments for hot flashes and other menopausal symptoms that become bothersome. Many prescription medications exist to prevent and control high cholesterol and bone loss, which can occur at menopause.
There has been interest in recent years in the use of so-called "bioidentical" hormone therapy for perimenopausal women. The hormones are created in a laboratory by altering compounds derived from naturally occurring plant products. Some of these so-called bioidentical hormone preparations are made at compounding pharmacies that make the preparations on a case-by-case basis for each patient.
However, they are probably not as effective in relieving vaginal symptoms as replacing the estrogen deficiency with oral or local estrogen. Some women report that vitamin E supplements can provide relief from mild hot flashes, but scientific studies are lacking to prove the effectiveness of vitamin E in relieving symptoms of menopause.
It can occur as early as your late 30s. But remember, you can still be years away from menopause even if you're experiencing the symptoms.
Smoking can cause menopause to start as much as two years sooner. While two extra period-free years may sound like a bonus, it’s important to remember that estrogen protects us from many health concerns. Two extra years of no periods can also mean two years of increased bone loss and increased risk of heart disease, Alzheimer’s, diabetes, and some kinds of cancer.